Latex Bibliography Style Biblatex Styles

Choosing a BibTeX Style

The great feature of BibTeX is that it takes a standardized database of books, articles, and other bibliographic entries and puts it in a customized format. A BibTeX style can change how a work is cited and how the bibliography is formatted. For more about using BibTeX than is described here, read our BibTeX documentation.

How to Use a Specific Style

  1. Choose your BibTeX style from the list below. Place it in the same folder as your LaTeX document.
  2. Change the \bibliographystyle line of your LaTeX document to reflect the style you chose. Remember to remove the file extension. For example, if you wanted to use the American Anthropologist style, \bibliographystyle{ filename} would become \bibliographystyle{humannat}.
  3. Many BibTeX styles require the inclusion of a package at the top of the document. The comments about a style will tell you exactly how to include its package. To learn more about your specific style, open up the .bst in your LaTeX editor or read the readme file, if available.
  4. Anytime you want to cite a document, type \cite[ pagenumber]{ citekey}. The square brackets and page number are optional. Some BibTeX styles use non-standard citations. Such styles include citation directions within the .bst itself or an included readme file.
  5. You will need to typeset your document four times, first LaTeX, BibTeX, LaTeX, and then LaTeX again. Your bibliography will now appear in the style of your choice and your citations will be correctly formatted. If question marks appear where citations should, that means you need to LaTeX your document once more. If the citations are entirely missing, you have likely forgotten to BibTeX your document.
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The Seven Standard Styles

Every computer with LaTeX comes with the following seven standard styles. While they work, we recommend the natbib interpretations below. NatBib is a citation package that standardizes citation commands across many different bibliography styles, so you can switch from using plain.bst to acm.bst without having to change your in-text citations.

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Styles Recommended by Reed

The following two styles were created or modified by Reed to match the following style manuals as closely as possible. Right-click (Control-Click on a Mac) on the linked name to download the style you want.

APA Style (American Psychology Association)
This is a custom style created by Ben Salzberg to duplicate the APA style as closely as possible. Make sure to include natbib as a package or it won't work. The following line should appear in the preamble: \usepackage{natbib}. 
Modern Language Associate Style (MLA)

This is a custom style created by Ben Salzberg to duplicate the Modern Language Associate style manual (6th Edition) as closely as possible. Make sure to include natbib as a package or it won't work. The following line should appear in the preamble: \usepackage{natbib}. MLA asks for citations of the form (LastName PageNumber), which is unsupported by Natbib's citation styles. We have asked Dr. Patrick Daly to provide support for these type of parenthetical citations in his next revision of natbib. In the meantime, citations of the following form will provide the correct citation:

(\citeauthor*{citekey} pagenumber)

 


Natbib Standard Styles

plainnat.bst


abbrvnat.bst


unsrtnat.bst

(Items in bibliography sorted in order cited)

 

Citation Commands Within Natbib

Author Name Styles look like this:

Numerical Styles look like this:

For additional modifications not covered above, this is a great NatBib reference sheet put out by a physical science professor in France.

And this one too! - This reference sheet includes instructions on how to change (Jones 1990, 341) to (Jones 1990: 341) [or (Jones, 1990: 341) to (Jones 1990: 341)] using the \setcitestyle command

You will see that your urls are formatted in typewritter font. If you want to change the font of your urls, add the command \urlstyle{same} to your preamble to make them the same font as the body of your paper. 

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Biblatex-Chicago Style

To use biblatex-Chicago, you need to change the backend from "bibtex" to "biber." To do this, pull up the preferences window (TeXShop/Preferences... or "⌘,"). Go to the "Engine" tab and change the entry in the BibTeX Engine field to "biber." This does require a somewhat new-ish version of tex, so if it's not working and you have an old version, you may need to download a new one.

Chicago A (footnotes)

To use Chicago style citations, comment out or remove the following line from the preamble:
\usepackage{natbib}

To use Chicago A (footnote style citations), add these lines to the preamble (where "thesis" should be changed to the title of your .bib file):
\usepackage{biblatex-chicago}
\bibliography{thesis}

Then go to the end of the .tex file and remove the following lines:
\bibliographystyle{APA/apa-good}
\bibliography{thesis}

And replace them with this line:
\printbibliography[heading=bibintoc]

Chicago B (parenthetical in-line citations)

To use Chicago style citations, comment out or remove the following line from the preamble:
\usepackage{natbib}

To use Chicago B (parenthetical in-line citations), add these lines to the preamble (where "thesis" should be changed to the title of your .bib file):
\usepackage[authordate,autocite=inline,backend=biber, natbib]{biblatex-chicago}
\bibliography{thesis}

Then go to the end of the .tex file and remove the following lines:
\bibliographystyle{APA/apa-good}
\bibliography{thesis}

And replace them with this line:
\printbibliography[heading=bibintoc]

In order to have the author and year all in parenthesis, use \autocite for in-text citation. If you want only the year in parenthesis, use \citet instead. 

Explore the Biblatex-Chicago readme on CTAN to find customizations.

Styles Available at CTAN.org

CTAN.org is the official LaTeX archive containing both the official LaTeX packages and items contributed by LaTeX users. Many of these BibTeX styles have either been created by journal editors or publishers for their authors or by users creating packages to fulfill a personal need. One problem with the user-contributed styles is that they may not match the official style they claim to implement exactly. However, the journal-specific styles will exactly match the journal's house style, as they were designed by the journals. Therefore, we recommend testing any non-journal style by using it with a large BibTeX database and compare the resulting bibliography to the official style.

Discipline Specific Listings of BibTeX Journal Styles

  • Art
  • Anthropology
    • Human Nature (humannat.bst)
    • American Anthropologist (humannat.bst)
    • Behavior and Brain Sciences (bbs.bst)
  • Biology
    • American Journal of Human Genetics (ajhg.bst)
    • American Medical Association Journals (JAMA, Cancer, etc.) (ama.bst)
    • Applied Bioinformatics (openmind.bst, include openmind package)
    • Applied Bionics and Biomechanics (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Biotechnology, Food Science and Policy (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Environmental Science and Public Health (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Health Economics and Health Policy (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Nanoscience (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Population and Policy (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Behavior and Brain Sciences (bbs.bst)
    • Bioinformatics (bioinformatics.bst, include bioinformatics package)
    • Council of Biology Editors (includes such journals as American Naturalist, Evolution, etc) (cbe.bst)
    • Cell (cell.bst)
    • Development (development.bst)
    • Ecology (ecology.bst, include natbib, emboj, floatfig packages)
    • Human Biology (humanbio.bst)
    • Human Mutation (humanmutation.bst, include humanmutation package)
    • Journal of Bacteriology (jbact.bst)
    • Journal of Molecular Biology (jmb.bst)
    • Journal of Neuroscience (namedplus.sty, include namedplus package)
    • Journal of Super Computing (jsupercomp,include jsupercomp package)
    • Journal of Theoretical Biology (jtb.bst and newjtb.bst)
    • Methods in Enzymology (methenz.bst)
    • Molecular Cell Biology (molcellbiol, include molcellbiol package)
    • National Cancer Institute (nci.bst, include nci and \usepackage[normalem]{ulem})
    • Nature (nature.bst, include nature, citesuppernumber, naturefem packages)
    • Neuron (neuron.bst)
    • Nucleic Acid Research (nar.bst)
    • PLoS: Public Library of Science Journals (plos.bst, include natbib package)
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (pnas.bst)
    • Proteins (proteins.bst, include proteins, citesupernumber packages)
    • Science (science.bst, scicite.sty)
  • Chemistry
    • American Chemical Society Journals (achemso.bst, include achemso package)
    • Journal of Computation Chemistry (jcc.bst)
    • Journal of Physical Chemistry (jpc.bst)
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (pccp.bst)
    • Reviews in Computational Chemistry (revcompchem.bst)
  • Chinese
  • Classics
  • Dance
  • Economics
    • American Economic Review (aer.bst, include harvard, aer, aertt, and ulem packages)
    • Canadian Journal of Economics (cje.bst, include cje package)
    • Econometrica (econometrica.bst, include harvard package)
    • Economic Theory (et.bst, include et package)
    • Journal of Economics and Business (JEB.bst, include JEB, harvard, endnotes, caption2 packages)
    • Journal of Finance (jf.bst, include harvard package)
    • Journal of Investing (JOI.bst, include JOI, harvard, endnotes, caption2 packages)
    • Macroeconomic Dynamics (et.bst, include et package)
    • Review of Financial Studies (rfs.bst)
  • English and Creative Writing
  • French - translations of standard styles
    • Abbreviated (abbrv-fr.bst)
    • Alphabetical (alpha-fr.bst)
    • Plain (plain-fr.bst)
    • Unsorted (unsrt-fr.bst)
  • German
    • DIN 1505 Standard aka Author-Year Style
      • Abbreviated (abbrvdin.bst)
      • Alphabetical (alphadin.bst)
      • Nat Bib for German (natdin.bst)
      • Plain (plaindin.bst)
      • Unsorted (unsrtdin.bst)
    • Germbib Package
      • Abbreviated (gerabbrv.bst)
      • Alphabetical (geralpha.bst)
      • Apalike (gerapali.bst)
      • Plain (gerplain.bst)
      • Unsorted (gerunsrt.bst)
  • History
  • Linguistics
    • CSLI (cslibib.bst)
    • Language (laslike.bst)
    • Lingua (lingua.bst)
    • Linguistic Society of America style sheet (lsalike.bst)
    • Natural Language Semantics (nals.bst)
  • Mathematics
    • Association for Computing Machinery (acm.bst)
    • Association for Computing Machinery Transactions (acmtrans.bst)
    • American Mathematical Society
      • alphabetical (amsalpha.bst)
      • plain (amsplain.bst)
    • American Statistical Association Journals (asa.bst, include \bibpunct{(}{)}{;}{a}{}{,} in the preamble)
      • American Statistician
      • Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics
      • Journal of the American Statistical Association
      • Journal of Business and Economic Statistics
      • Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
      • Technometrics
    • Biometrika (biometrika.bst)
    • Computer Journal (cj.bst)
    • Design Computing Unit, University of Sydney (dcu.bst)
    • IEEE Transactions (ieeetr.bst)
    • Institute of Mathematical Statistics Journals (ims.bst)
      • Annals of Applied Probability
      • Annals of Probability
      • Annals of Statistics
    • Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (rss.bst)
    • SIAM
    • Numerical Algorithms (numalg.bst)
    • American Association for Artificial Intelligence (aaai.bst)
  • Music
  • Philosophy
    • American Association for Artificial Intelligence (aaai.bst)
  • Physics
    • American Association for Artificial Intelligence (aaai.bst)
    • American Institute of Physics Journal (phaip.bst)
    • Astronomy (astron.bst)
    • Computer Physics Communications (phcpc.bst)
    • International Atomic Energy Agency Conferences (phiaea.bst)
    • IEEE with annotations(IEEEannot.bst)
    • IEEE Transactions (ieeetr.bst)
    • Journal of Computational Physics (phjcp.bst)
    • Journal of Quality Technology (jqt1999.bst)
    • Nuclear Fusion
    • Nuclear Fusion Letters
    • Optical Society of America (osa.bst)
    • Physics of Fluids
    • Reviews of Modern Physics (amsrmp.bst)
    • Physical Review (covers A, B, C, D, E, Special Topics, Focus, and Letters) (apsrev.bst)
    • Translate Physics Journals Initials into Full Names
  • Political Science
    • American Political Science Review (apsr-new.bst)
  • Psychology (various APA styles) (We recommend apa-good)
    • apalike
    • apa-good
    • apalike2
    • newapa
    • phapalik
    • apasoft
    • apacite
  • Religion
  • Russian (supporting Russian and Ukrainian)
    • GOST 7.1 1984
      • Sorted (gost71s.bst)
      • Unsorted (gost71u.bst)
    • GOST 7.80 2000
      • Sorted (gost780s.bst)
      • Unsorted (gost780u.bst)
  • Spanish
  • Sociology
    • American Journal of Sociology (ajs.bst)
    • American Sociological Review (asr.bst)
  • Theatre
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Selecting a Bibliography Style

The appearance of citations and the bibliography in documents created with LaTeX is determined by the LaTeX commands in your document. With these commands you select the desired package and citation style. Citavi citation styles cannot be used with LaTeX documents.

It's very important to keep in mind the distinction between BibTeX and the more modern Biblatex, since both require different commands. In Citavi, make sure to select the corresponding export: BibTeX or BibLaTeX.

For additional details concerning bibliography styles and packages, it's worth taking a look at the original documentation linked in each section below.

Citavi cannot provide support for the use and creation of BibTeX and biblatex bibliography styles.

BibTeX

BibTeX formats the citations and the bibliography for your document using the .bib file exported from Citavi in conjunction with a bibliography style. You'll usually have to run latex and bibTeX several times. A good overview of how to use BibTeX can be found in the document TameTheBeast.

• Classical BibTeX bibliography styles

The classical BibTeX bibliography styles (plain, unsrt, abbrv, alpha) are English-language styles that apply English-language capitalization rules. To avoid this, in Citavi you can export your .bib file with the option Place capital letters in braces. However, it's better to choose a style meant for the language you are using. For example, for a German-language bibliography, you could choose one of the DIN-1505 styles.

To select the style in your document, use the command \bibliographystyle{Style name}. Insert the command \bibliography{Name of the bib file without the file extension} where you want the bibliography to appear.

If you're using the classical styles (which all use reference numbers), we recommend loading the citepackage with the command \usepackage{cite} in your document's preamble.

• natbib

If you want to cite using the author-date format, the natbib package is a good alternative. Please note that this package requires alternative cite commands (\citet, \citep, …) in order to display the in-text citations correctly. However, these commands are common among other packages as well, so it's usually not difficult to switch later on. Use the BibTeX - natbib, export filter in Citavi to ensure that fields are correctly mapped.

To use natbib for an author-date style with normal parentheses, load the package \usepackage{natbib} in your document preamble. Additional options are not necessary.

Just like with the classical BibTeX styles, a bibliography style has to be selected with \bibliographystyle{...}. The following bibliography styles are available in natbib: plainnat, abbrvnat and unsrtnat.

• apacite

The apacite package reflects the sixth edition of the APA style guidelines. If you load the package with the option natbibapa, you can use the same cite command as in natbib, which makes it easier to switch to another style later on if you need to: \usepackage[natbibapa]{apacite}. The natbib package does not need to be loaded separately. Select \bibliographystyle{apacite} as the bibliography style.

• jurabib

The jurabib package is primarily for German-language legal citation. In Citavi use the BibTeX - jurabib export filter to ensure that fields are mapped correctly. The package can be loaded with \usepackage{jurabib} and the corresponding bibliography style can be loaded with \bibliographystyle{jurabib}.

• Custom styles

BibTeX bibliography styles are created in a unique descriptive style that is difficult to learn. The package custombib makes it slightly easier to create styles using an interactive command line in the Windows command prompt that's opened with latex makebst. This method is also only recommended for advanced LaTeX users.

biblatex

In contrast to BibTeX, if the package biblatex is used, the formatting of the citations and the bibliography are controlled by the LaTeX commands and not by a descriptive language. In conjunction with biber, a new implementation of the bibtex program, it offers these advantages:

  • Unicode/UTF-8 support
  • No insufficient memory errors
  • More flexible sorting and better handling of complex names
  • Bibliographies for individual chapters can be created easily

In your editor, make sure that you select that biber should be used instead of bibtex to create the document. You can find additional information in the corresponding guide or here.

If you're using biblatex make sure to use the BibLaTeX export filter in Citavi.

Load the package in the preamble with \usepackage{biblatex}. Use \bibliography{Name of the bib file without the file extension} to specify the .bib file. Please note that (in contrast to BibTeX) no bibliography will be created. You'll need to use the \printbibliography command in your document.

Usually you'll also load additional packages that make it easier to work with biblatex, such as babel for language support and csquotes for quotation marks. For an author-date style that sorts alphabetically by author, year, and title, the document could look like the following:

\documentclass{scrartcl}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[ngerman]{babel}
\usepackage{csquote}
\usepackage[style=authoryear, sorting=nyt]{biblatex}
\bibliography{DEMO-information-literacy}
\begin{document}
 
Normal citation: \cite[5]{Andretta.2004}
Citation in parentheses: \parencite[219]{Bawden.2001}
Citation in the footnote: \footcite{Bruce.1999}
In-text citation: \textcite{Goad.2002}
 
\printbibliography
\end{document}

Instead of the cite commands in the examples above, the natbib commands can be used if biblatex is loaded with the natbib=true option.

The APA style is also available for biblatex: biblatex-apa.

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