H1n1 Influenza Essay

This is a very timely topic.  Initially, allow me to preface my remarks with the idea that the structure and components of such an essay should be referred to your instructor/ professor who might have specific items that should be included and certain structural guidelines that have to be followed.  These should supersede anyone else's instruction because of their role of assessing your work.  Having said this, I think being able to reference the site below will help guide you in this process.

I would say that a standard expository format would be beneficial here.  Opening the paper with an introduction about the current relevancy of the H1N1 Virus around the world could serve as an excellent way of opening the paper.  This might involve detailing statistics around the world of reported cases, as well as the international concern around it.  The next phase would consist of discussing the historical evidence of this particular strand's existence and perhaps discussing why this strand is different and much stronger than the traditional influenza virus.  Perhaps discussing how this strand bears similarity and difference from other threatening flu viruses might also be effective here.  This would give way to describing what exactly is within the H1N1 Virus and why it has spread in such a rampant manner.  This would be where you would be able to expand some of the ideas presented in your opening.  Finally, I think it would be important to discuss the international responses to the H1N1 virus on medical, scientific, social, and political levels.  Certain nations have approached it differently than others and exploring this aspect might be very compelling in both research and reading.  I think your conclusion might include suggestions from these agencies on how the attack the H1N1 Virus.  It's a very timely topic and there is enough research in the community to make for a strong work.

Influenza A H1 N1 Virus Essay

Introduction
In 1918-19 approximately 50 million deaths were a detriment of the Spanish H1N1 virus pandemic; a respiratory virus. According to the World Health Organization, the second Influenza A H1N1 pandemic in 2009 spread to more than 200 countries causing more than 18 000 deaths. Before the World Health Organization had announced the official end of the pandemic in August 2010, in July 2009 the World Health Organization sent out a phase 6 warning that H1N1 could soon be a global pandemic. It is important to recognize that the 2 different outbreaks had different A/H1N1strains effecting the world population; this suggests A/H1N1has a high ability for mutation, severely complicating the human body’s natural immune mechanism of antigenic drift. (Qi-Shi Du et al., 2010)
Epidemiology
According to the Swine flu investigation team on April 15 and April 17, 2009, novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus (S-OIV) was isolated from two epidemiologically unlinked patients in the United States. The same strain was identified in other countries such as Mexico and Canada. In the United States 60% of patients were 18 years of age or younger suggesting that the younger population was more susceptible to the transmission of S-OIV or the possibility that the older population had developed a small amount of antibodies from the 1976 swine influenza vaccine (H1N1). 18% of the patients had recently traveled to Mexico, and 16% were identified from school outbreaks. (France, Jackson & Schrag, 2010) The most common presenting symptoms were fever (94% of patients), cough (92%), and sore throat (66%); 25% of patients had diarrhea, and 25% were experiencing emesis. Therefore, the criteria characterizing the S-OIV infection are comparable to the seasonal influenza symptoms such as cough, sore throat, rhinorrhea, headache, and myalgia. Statistically, the transmission rates were observed to be consistent with the seasonal influenza in Hong Kong 2007. (Cowling, Fang, Riley, Malik Peiris & Leung, 2009) In the investigation conducted by the swine flu investigation team they determined that the transmission in households was completed in less than a week from host to host. (France, Jackson & Schrag, 2010) Still this is significantly less than the school outbreak transmissions (11.3% of household contacts, compared with >30% of school A students) The recommendation to reduce transmission is to encourage domestic discussions about prevention.
PDF Document Attached-Table 2. Symptom Profiles in Groups of Patients with Suspected or Confirmed Pandemic 2009 H1N1 Virus Infection Worldwide. (Writing Committee of the WHO Consultation on Clinical Aspects of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Influenza New England Journal of Medicine 2010; 362:1708-1719May 6, 2010)
Etiology
An influenza virus possesses 8 genes, 6 derived from the triple North American swine virus lineages and 2 from the Eurasian swine virus lineage. (Cauchemez, Donnelly, & Reed, 2003) Influenza A is a part of the...

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